Fringe benefit tax
If you're providing special perks to your employees, like gym memberships or work vehicles for personal use, you're likely to be liable for fringe benefit tax (FBT).
Find out what you need to know on this page, and test yourself with our quiz.
On this page:
- What is FBT?
- Quiz: FBT vs employee allowances
- How FBT works — and vehicle-use case study
- Filing your FBT returns
- Common mistakes
- Watch: PwC advice on FBT
FBT is a tax on benefits you provide to your employees. It applies to things like:
- work vehicles available for personal use
- subsidies on gym memberships or insurance
- discounted goods and services.
FBT doesn't apply to things already taxed for the employee, like:
- salary and wages
- cash bonuses
- employee allowances
Download Inland Revenue’s Fringe Benefit Tax Guide (IR409), with case studies and calculations.
There are four main groups of taxable fringe benefits:
- motor vehicles available for personal use
- free, subsidised or discounted goods and services
- low-interest loans (other than those provided by life insurance companies)
- employer contributions to sickness, accident or death benefit funds, specified insurance policies, and superannuation schemes not subject to employer superannuation contribution tax (ESCT).
FBT doesn’t apply to compulsory KiwiSaver employer contributions — these are taxed via ESCT. FBT applies to any KiwiSaver employer contribution not subject to ESCT or PAYE.
FBT categories — Inland Revenue
FBT can be expensive. If you're thinking about providing employee perks, first read the FBT guide (IR409). If you're still not sure how FBT works, it's worth getting professional advice. If you find out too late that you should have been paying it, it can result in a big bill.
You pay FBT on the cost of the benefit to the employee, eg the cost of the car for the portion of time it's available for personal use. See formulas in the Inland Revenue (IR) FBT guide.
When you first start giving your employees the benefit, you need to register for FBT with IR. You can register online or by calling IR.
There are three options for filing returns:
- annually for the tax year
- annually for your income year.
Your choice might be limited depending on the type of company you have and how much tax you pay each year.
Which FBT return period is best for your business — Inland Revenue
Avoid these common FBT pitfalls:
- Many employers don't realise until too late that they need to pay FBT. If you find out after you've been giving taxable benefits for a while, you'll have to backdate your tax payments, which can result in a big bill.
- Not working out the financial implications — FBT can be expensive, so work out if you'll be better off just offering higher salaries or regular bonuses instead.