News and updates from government about COVID-19 and how it may affect your business.
Updated as new information is available — last updated 28 March 2020, 6:20pm.
This page features the latest COVID-19 government news and updates for businesses. For more COVID-19 guidance and advice about employment, tax, cash flow, health and safety and more, visit the business.govt.nz COVID-19: Information for businesses page.
This means that all non-essential businesses must already be closed, so that New Zealanders can self-isolate for at least the next four weeks. This is a public health measure to eliminate COVID-19.
The COVID-19 wage subsidy scheme has been modified. This is to help businesses that need to shut down under Alert Level 4 pay workers for an extended period of time.
The modified wage subsidy scheme will support employers and their staff to maintain an employment connection and ensure an income for affected employees, even if the employee is unable to actually work any hours.
Applications for the modified wage subsidy scheme will be open until New Zealand moves down from COVID-19 Alert Level 4. Applications can be made on the Work and Income website (external link) .
The wage subsidy scheme:
The modified wage subsidy scheme is available to all businesses adversely affected by COVID-19 including:
The scheme excludes state sector organisations.
The aim of the scheme is to provide sufficient support to enable people to stay connected to their jobs, and continue to receive income now that we have moved to an Alert Level 4 shut down.
Employers will be eligible where they have a 30% revenue drop attributable to COVID-19.
The scheme provides these businesses with subsidies for any named employees (including any essential workers employed by affected employers).
Before receiving a subsidy, employers must take measures to manage the implications of COVID-19 on their business. These measures might include, but are not limited to, talking with their banks and drawing on internal cash reserves.
Visit the Work and Income website (external link) for more information.
Payment rates under the modified wage subsidy scheme are unchanged from the original COVID-19 leave and wage subsidy schemes. They are:
If you are receiving the COVID-19 Wage Subsidy, you must try your hardest to pay the employee named in your application at least 80% of their usual wages. If that isn’t possible, you need to pay at least the subsidy rate (ie, full-time or part-time).
If your employee's usual wages are less than the subsidy, you must pay them their usual wages. Any difference should be used for the wages of other affected staff - the wage subsidy is designed to keep your employees connected to you.
Visit the Employment NZ website (external link) for information about the usual employment law rules.
For examples of calculating wages for employees in different circumstances, please see the case studies at the end of this page.
The subsidy will be paid as a lump sum and covers 12 weeks per employee. This is consistent with applications paid to date.
Employers can pass on the subsidy and additional wages through their usual pay cycles, or at other intervals.
It is recommended that any changes to the frequency of salary and wage payments from usual practice be discussed with employees as this may have adverse tax implications for employees.
Applications for the scheme will be open for the duration of COVID-19 Alert Level 4.
The latest information on New Zealand’s COVID-19 Alert Levels is available at Unite against COVID-19 (external link) .
Applications can be made via the Work and Income website (external link) .
Work and Income will verify information provided in applications with Inland Revenue.
Tip: We recommend that employers ensure their IR details are up to date before they apply – you can check online on the Inland Revenue website (external link) .
Please keep in mind that Work and Income will begin processing applications immediately after the modified scheme opens. COVID-19 is an unprecedented situation and Work and Income is experiencing an extremely heavy demand for its services. We ask that you are patient. Work and Income will process and approve applications as quickly as possible.
Essential businesses that are required to remain open during the Alert Level 4 period will also be eligible for the scheme if they have had a revenue drop of 30%, which means they require support to pay or retain named employees.
A list and guidance about essential businesses is available at COVID-19.govt.nz.
Essential businesses (external link) — COVID-19.govt.nz
If a business has already received the original wage subsidy lump sum, they are required to continue to use that funding to pay employees for the full 12-week duration as agreed to in the initial application.
Pending applications made prior to 3pm Friday 27 March 2020 will be assessed against the original criteria of the wage subsidy scheme. Only applications received from 4pm on 27 March 2020 will have new criteria and obligations applied.
The original scheme was capped at $150,000 per business, which meant that some larger businesses couldn’t claim for all their workers, but this cap has been removed. There have been no further modifications to this criteria which means the modified scheme is also uncapped.;
Businesses can make new claims for any employees that they did not apply for under the original scheme.
If an employee voluntarily ends their employment relationship (that is, they resign) the employer must notify Work and Income and will not be entitled to further subsidies for that named employee.
The Government is currently considering what further changes to the scheme might be appropriate when we move out of Alert Level 4.
Most employees are likely to be better off under the modified wage subsidy scheme than they would be on Work and Income benefits, however this depends on their personal circumstances.
As always, people can use the Check what you might get (external link) calculator from the Ministry of Social Development to check what additional assistance they may be entitled to. This includes supplementary assistance such as the accommodation supplement, temporary additional support, and other one-off assistance payments.
Indicative estimates of the costs of the modified wage subsidy scheme are between $8 and 12 billion for grants that cover 12 weeks, based on uptake between 50% and 80% of eligible firms and employees.
The modified wage subsidy scheme, and the previous COVID-19 leave and wage subsidy schemes, are considered excluded income to businesses and are also GST exempt. When passed on as wages, businesses don’t get a deduction for income tax purposes.
Payments to employees under the consolidated wage subsidy scheme, and the previous COVID-19 wage subsidy and leave schemes, are wages. Therefore, they are subject to standard deductions like PAYE, ACC levies, KiwiSaver contributions and student loan repayments.
Employers can pay their employees as per their usual pay cycles, or at other intervals as agreed with the employee.
Employers must discuss any likely changes to wage payment intervals with employees, as these may have adverse tax implications for employees.
James is a barista at a Wellington café. James earn the minimum wage. The café is closed for the lockdown and has had a 30% loss in revenue. James’ employer cannot afford to pay any wage to James, but wants to keep him on. James does not want to use his annual leave entitlements.
James’ employer can access the wage subsidy and pay $585.80 per week to James, without James being required to do any work. James retains his annual leave entitlements to use at a different time.
Sam is a civil engineer. He usually works 40 hours per week at $30 per hour, with a usual gross income of $1200 per week. The business is non-essential and closed for the lockdown and has had a 30% loss of revenue. Sam can do some work from home over this period. He works 30 hours per week for the duration of the Alert Level 4 lockdown period.
Sam’s employer can access the wage subsidy and pays Sam his usual salary at the agreed reduced hours, which is $900. Sam’s employer can use the $585.80 per week to subsidise Sam’s wages, this means Sam’s employer will top up the wage subsidy with $314.20 to compensate the hours Sam worked.
Phil is an HR advisor in a medium-sized business and works full time. The business is non-essential and closed for the lockdown and has experienced a 30% loss of revenue. Phil can do some work from home. He does 8 hours per week. His hourly rate is $25 per hour.
Phil’s employer can access the wage subsidy. Their revenues have dropped so much that they are worried as they will be unable to retain their staff. Under employment law, Phil must receive $200 per week for the hours worked. His employer can use the remaining money from the subsidy for other affected employees.
Craig is a waiter at a successful restaurant chain that also needs to close during the lockdown. Craig was getting paid $1,000 per week. Craig’s employer has committed to paying full wages to their staff as they know that such workers will be in demand as the lockdown ends. The restaurant has suffered a 30% loss in revenue due to COVID-19.
Craig’s employer can access the wage subsidy scheme to pay Craig $585.80 per week, and the employer can then top that up with $414.20 per week to ensure Craig receives his full income.
Steve is an essential services worker, ensuring certainty of electricity supply. Steve is really busy, working his normal hours and getting paid at his normal rate, and his business has not been affected by COVID and does not require support to pay or retain its staff.
Steve’s employer does not need to apply to the wage subsidy scheme.